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Nestled at the crossroads of Interstate 80 and State Route 174, Colfax is a city in Placer County, California with a population of 1,963 according to the 2010 United States Census. Out of 823 reported households, 286 of them had children 18 years of age or younger, with an average household size of 2.38. There were 505 families reported, with an average family size of 2.98.

Owning a home in the city is a dream come true! The median home value is $373,800, with the home values in 2019 have increased 2.2% over the previous year, with a predicted increase of 2.6% within the next year. In 2016 the median gross rent was $1,194.


Great City Living

Residents of the city experience the entire range of the seasons, with Summers that can get quite hot with temperatures often reaching 90 °F, and Winter months getting quite cool with temperatures averaging 46 °F. If you enjoy wet winters that some years see snow accumulation, and hot dry summers, then this city has it in spades!

Living the good life!

Living in the city offers great suburban living in Northern California. With notable features such as the Southern Pacific Railroad which has been newly restored and contains the Colfax Museum and the Chamber of Commerce, and the downtown shops on Mains Street, there is a little something for everyone! The Chamber of Commerce website lists all of the wonderful events happening within the city on the events calendar!

Education For Your Family

From the thriving arts scene to the outstanding natural beauty of the outdoors, you can find a world of opportunity within the city. The quality of education in the city is excellent, so you can raise your children with confidence knowing you will be sending them to the finest available schools.

Listed below are the schools found within city limits:



In the mid 1800s, gold miners and trappers largely used the area as a winter camping spot. The history of the town is closely intertwined with Bunch Creek, as miners and trappers set up camp along the creek in areas that were above the snow line. As development increased, the town of Alter Grove later became known as Illinoistown. As time progressed, and with the increase in gold mining in the area, the camp grew to become a village with a freight company, general stores, saloons, and a brothel.

The name was  changed to Colfax in honor of the Speaker of the House of Representatives, Schulyer Colfax, when he visited the town in 1865. He was visiting to inspect the progress of the construction of the Central Pacific Railroad. This was the western portion of the first transcontinental railroad which was eventually completed in 1869. Schulyer Colfax later went on to become Vice President under U.S. Grant.

One of the most famous incidents in city history was in April 1852 when the Reelfoot Williams Gang robbed a Nevada City stagecoach of $7,000 in gold bullion. This incident marks the first reported stagecoach robbery in gold country history.

The city is mentioned in Jules Verne’s book, Around the World in Eighty Days.


Located approximately 1 mile west of the city is a branch of the Melones Fault, which helps to shape the principle geologic structures in the area of granitic and metamorphic rock. This fault is considered inactive, as no movement has been recorded by the U.S. Geological Survey.

Also helping to shape the area is Bunch Creek, which flows south to eventually reach the North Fork of the American River. Bunch Creek is know for how clear the water is, with a very low turbidity, and being free of odor. Trout is known to be fished from the creek.


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